Narrow AI is artificial intelligence that operates in a singular, or narrow task set and has a limited pre-defined range of actions. Examples would be Siri, Alexa, heating systems and website recommendations based on previous purchases. They all perform their main purposes well but would fail to do even the simplest of tasks out of their immediate specialism. Sorry, the computer says ‘no’.
They have been developed to augment our lives, they ‘supercharge’ the human and empower us with the right data at the right time, by working constantly on our behalf 24/7, 365 days a year. AI removes tedious, repetitive tasks and performs these generally with a better level of consistency and efficiency.
What groups all these Narrow AIs together is their reliance on pre-programmed responses and actions, a prescribed interpretation of data output. Narrow AI is generally regarded as the first level of 3 areas of AI. The second level is General AI: the artificial intelligence level achieved when robots can perform any task just as well as a human. The third level is Super AI which goes well beyond our own limitations and surpasses us on every level. But we are nowhere near that… just yet.